After checking out ASHA’s Compendium of EBP Systematic Reviews and Guidelines for Autism, I quickly realized searching for “Echolalia” was not the way to search for echolalia.

My interest in echolalia and autism comes from my graduate clinical hours. So far, 45 of my 55 hours of clinical work is in autism – verbal, non-verbal, and echolalia. While I am by no means an expert, I can fully say that if I had a client milder or more severe forms of autism – I am confident I can handle it. Autism and Alternative communications have become my passion; so I have spent numerous hours/days/months collecting information about Echolalia and Autism Therapy types.

Here is a smattering of the resources, websites, and journal articles I have found useful and either implemented or adjusted for use:

  1. Goldstein, H. (2002). Communication intervention for children with autism: A review of treatment efficacy. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32(5), 373-396.
  2. McMorrow, M. J., Foxx, R. M., Faw, G. D., & Bittle, R. G. (1987). Cues-pause-point language training: Teaching echolalics functional use of their verbal labeling repertoires. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 20, 11–22.
  3. McGahan L. Behavioural interventions for preschool children with autism. Ottawa: Canadian Coordinating Office for Health Technology Assessment; 2001. Technology report no 18.
  4. Sally J. Rogers and Laurie A. Vismara. (2008) Evidence-Based Comprehensive Treatments for Early Autism. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 37(1), 8-38.
  5. National Initiative for Autism: Screening and Assessment (2002). National Autism Plan for Children (NAPC).
  6. Nancy Creaghead (2004). Therapy Strategies for Echolalia.
  7. Emily Rubin (2011).   Development of Symbolic Language in Children with ASD .
  8. Susan Stokes (2012). Developing an Intervention Program for the Verbal Child with Autism. ***The website holds a treatment plan for echolalia. CAUTION!! Use with caution because there are no references. However, great insight into some of the tendencies and environmental arrangements needed to reduce echolalia behavior.
  9. Autism Games (2009). Can a Child Overcome Echolalia?
  10. Dr. Lillian N. Stiegler.  Echolalia and normal speech development. (2009)
  11. Watson, L. R.  & Flippin, M. (2008, May 27). Language Outcomes for Young Children with Autism Spectrum DisordersThe ASHA Leader. 
  12. Kasari, C., Freeman, S., & Paparella, T. (2006). Joint attention and symbolic play in young children with autism: a randomized controlled intervention study. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 47(6), 611–620.
  13. Yoder, P. & Stone, W. L. (2006b). Randomized comparison of two communication interventions for preschoolers with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74, 426–435.
  14. Feuerstein, R., Miller, R., Hoffman, M., Rand, Y, Minsker, Morgens, Jensen, (1981) Cognitive modifiability in adolescence: cognitive structure and the effects of intervention. Journal of special education, 150, 269-287.
  15. Feuerstein, Rand, Hoffman, Hoffman, Miller (1979) Cognitive modifiability in retarded adolescents: effects of instrumental enrichment. American Journal of Mental Deficiency, 83, 539-550.
  16. Harris, S. L. (1975).  Teaching language to non-verbal children with an emphasis on problems of generalization.  Psychological Bulletin, 82, 565-58.
  17. Dyer, K. (1989). The effects of preference on spontaneous verbal requests in individuals with autism. Journal of the Association for Persons with Severe Handicaps, 14, 184–189.
  18. Siller M. & Sigman, M. (2002). The behaviors of parents of children with autism predict the subsequent development of their children’s communication.  Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32, 77-89.

While working with children who use Echolalia, I have found Play-Based therapy to be THE MOST BENEFICIAL approach. While slow going, it has shown marked improvement with clients. Here are my go-to references regarding this type of intervention: 

  • Hancock, T. B., & Kaiser, A. P. (2002). The effects of trainer implemented enhanced milieu teaching on the social communication of children with autism. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 22, 39–54.
  • Kaiser, A.P., Hancock, T.B., & Nietfeld, J.P. (2000) The effects of parent-implemented enhanced milieu teaching on the social communication of children who have autism. Early Education and Development, 11(4), 423-446.
  • Concroy, M., Haydon, T., & Mancil, G. R. (2009). Effects of a modified Milieu therapy intervention on the social communicative behaviors of young children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders, 39, 149-163.
  • Warren, S. F., & Gazdag, G. (1990). Facilitating early language development with milieu intervention procedures. Journal of Early Intervention, 14(1), 62–86.

I plan to continue adding to this post, as well as adding what specifics I have pulled from each article or website; however, for now I have been trying to post this for almost 2 months now. I finally have the sites and articles I want to share. Keep checking back for updates 🙂

And of course…a little Echolalia play-on-words 🙂


1 thought on “Echolalia”

  1. Thank you. What about an older teenager who has communicated thru gestures and grunts just now receiving services he repeats what I say but most of the time not intelligibly and I’m not sure there is a language foundation but he picks up new tasks quickly

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